South Africa – Bungeni http://bungeni.org/ Sat, 25 Sep 2021 07:35:55 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://bungeni.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/bungeni-icon-150x150.png South Africa – Bungeni http://bungeni.org/ 32 32 10 South African innovations and inventions we can be proud of https://bungeni.org/2021/09/25/10-south-african-innovations-and-inventions-we-can-be-proud-of/ Sat, 25 Sep 2021 07:35:55 +0000 https://bungeni.org/2021/09/25/10-south-african-innovations-and-inventions-we-can-be-proud-of/

When we think of the origin of inventions and innovations, the first country that comes to mind is not necessarily our beautiful country. We all know that Dr Chris Barnard performed the world’s first heart transplant, but there are a number of inventions that we South Africans can be proud of. Of course, South Africans didn’t invent the first car or the first phone, but there were inventions and innovations that made life easier, helped save lives, and brought South Africa to life. on the map.

Sasol

Sasol is the world’s first oil-to-gas company and was founded on the coast of South Africa. It is also the largest fuel producer in the country. It is based on processes that were first developed by German chemists and engineers.

Q20

A Mr. Robertson, originally from Pinetown, KwaZulu-Natal, invented Q20 lubricant as a necessary solution to common household problems such as moisture wicking. Q20 is an all-purpose lubricant spray owned by Triton-Leo Group (Pty) Ltd. You might have questions about his name, right? Well, according to Robertson, Q20 “has 20 answers to 20 questions”.

The CT scan

Axial computed tomography (CT scan), better known as computed tomography, was invented by Allan MacLeod Cormack. He shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with his associate Godfrey Hounsfield for his work on X-ray computed tomography.

Smartlock Safety Syringe

Still in the medical field, a team from Vaal University of Technology invented the smartlock safety syringe. This is a three-part, single-use syringe that will then be used to reduce HIV infection rates in South Africa.

Retinal cryosurgery

South Africans truly revolutionized the medical field when Dr Selig Percy Amoils unveiled the Amoils Cryo pencil at Baragwanath Hospital in Soweto. The Cryo Amoils Crayon is the world’s first surgical tool that uses nitrous oxide to destroy unwanted tissue and has been used to treat the eyes of Margaret Thatcher and Nelson Mandela.

Dolos

The dolos is one of the most underrated yet crucial inventions. The dolos is a concrete block weighing up to 20 tonnes with a complex geometric shape. It is used to protect the harbor walls from the force of ocean waves.

Pratley’s putty

South African engineer George Montague Pratley, with the help of chemist Frank Robinson, invented Pratley’s putty to hold electrical box components together. It was then transported aboard the Apollo 11 Eagle landing craft.

Computer ticket

Percy Tucker from Benoni in Gauteng founded our favorite place for ticket needs. Computicket is the world’s first computerized ticketing system.

Speed ​​gun

A speed gun is a device that measures the speed of cricket balls and was invented by Henri Johnson of Somerset West. It was used at the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Johnson also invented the Speedball which measured the speed and angle of objects.

The shark shield

Inventor Lindsay Lyon and former world surfing champion Tom Carroll invented the shark shield. This portable electronic device emits an electromagnetic field and is used in scuba diving, spearfishing, sea kayaking fishing and surfing, to repel sharks.

IOL

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Eliminate inequalities in South Africa https://bungeni.org/2021/09/24/eliminate-inequalities-in-south-africa/ Fri, 24 Sep 2021 01:21:35 +0000 https://bungeni.org/2021/09/24/eliminate-inequalities-in-south-africa/

JOHNNY MILLER, a photographer, started filming South African cities by drone in 2016. Shots from Cape Town, Durban and Johannesburg show neighboring neighborhoods, but different worlds. On one side of a photograph could be a leafy suburb dotted with azure pools; on the other, a slum with tight barracks.

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Economic research on South African inequalities has produced a less granular picture. Reports from the World Bank and others draw on benchmark measures of income inequality, such as the Gini coefficient, to conclude that South Africa is one of the most unequal countries. in the world. But they often say little about wealth, the role of government policy or, most importantly, what has happened to the black-white divide since the end of apartheid in 1994.

Two recent articles by academics Aroop Chatterjee, Léo Czajka and Amory Gethin fill in some of these gaps. In doing so, they offer perhaps the most detailed picture of the haves and have-nots in South Africa in the democratic age. Research is crucial to understanding the deep discontent felt by many South Africans.

In their latest article, economists combine household surveys, tax data and national accounts to track income from 1993 to 2019. They start by noting that before taxes, the share of income going to the richest 10% increased from 57% to 66%. % —Levels higher than any other comparable country. The average income of the richest 1% increased by 50%, while that of the poorest half fell by more than 30% after inflation. Even after including taxes and transfers, the share of income going to the richest 1% is about the same as it was at the end of apartheid – almost a fifth.

Since 1994, the ruling African National Congress (ANC) increased taxes and introduced social allowances for pensioners and children. It expanded public health care and education, which researchers see as “in-kind” income for beneficiaries. On paper, these transfers more than make up for the loss of pre-tax income of the poorest half of South Africans.

Yet it would be wrong to think that social policies have turned the tide of inequality back. To begin with, the authors note that regressive consumption taxes such as VAT mean the poorest have high effective tax rates. Child support is not enough to buy nutritious food. Unemployment benefits are derisory and unequal; hence the growing campaign of NGOs for a universal basic income allowance. The “income”, as defined by researchers, that the poor receive from public services is not the same as a paycheck. And given the poor quality of schools and hospitals, it is perhaps less appreciated by South Africans than by the authors of the study.

A seemingly positive trend identified by economists is the narrowing of the underlying racial income gap. In the 1990s, whites earned about seven times as much as blacks. At the end of the 2010s, they were making about four times as much.

But this shrinkage is “mainly attributable to the emergence of a new black elite,” the newspaper notes. Once in government, the ANC introduced affirmative action laws, which have helped increase the share of well-paying jobs held by blacks, especially in the public sector, where unions have achieved higher-than-inflation pay increases. Another policy, called “black economic empowerment,” oriented business towards black-owned businesses and enriched a small number of black investors.

Partly because of policies like these, the share of blacks in the top 10% of earners has risen sharply (see Figure 1), although it remains lower than their share in the overall population (81%). . The poorest blacks have been less successful. While the gross income of the richest 10% of black people has tripled, that of the poorest 50% has fallen (see Figure 2). When the researchers looked only at the ratio of white incomes to those of the bottom 90% black incomes, the racial gap had widened slightly since apartheid.

An earlier article by the same authors found similar trends. He noted that the concentration of wealth in South Africa is greater than in any other country for which there are comparable estimates. The 3,500 households that make up the richest 0.01% have more net wealth than the poorest 90% combined. The share of wealth held by the richest 10% is roughly the same as at the end of apartheid; that held by the richest 1% and 0.01% has, where appropriate, increased.

Many of the inequalities of the present stem from the past of white supremacy, when black people were systematically deprived of a good education and prevented from getting rich. Today, whites are on average eight times richer than blacks, an overall gap twice as large as for income. Legacy, notes Mr. Gethin, helps old inequalities continue.

Taken together, the two articles not only underscore the legacy of white domination, but also the ANCfailure to help most black South Africans overcome it. The redistribution and empowerment of elites is not a substitute for growth and jobs. Unemployment, as the work of Murray Leibbrandt of the University of Cape Town has repeatedly found, is at the heart of South Africa’s inequalities. South Africa GDP per person has been declining since 2015, due to corruption and bad policies. In the second quarter of 2021, unemployment hit a record 34.4%.

On November 1, South Africa will hold local elections. For the first time, the ANC may win less than half of the votes in a national competition. If that happens, it will be easy to point out the dysfunction of the party or an increase in opposition participation following the civil unrest in July. Yet deeper forces are at play. Nelson Mandela’s party has pledged “a better life for all.” So far he has offered a much better life for a few.

This article appeared in the Middle East and Africa section of the print edition under the headline “Not so black and white”

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Iain Henderson criticizes Warren Gatland’s Lions tactics in South Africa https://bungeni.org/2021/09/23/iain-henderson-criticizes-warren-gatlands-lions-tactics-in-south-africa/ Thu, 23 Sep 2021 11:40:08 +0000 https://bungeni.org/2021/09/23/iain-henderson-criticizes-warren-gatlands-lions-tactics-in-south-africa/

Iain Henderson has criticized the tactics used by the British and Irish Lions in their series loss to South Africa and also claims Warren Gatland was selected on reputation rather than form.

The Lions took a 1-0 lead in a dismal streak but lost the next two tests with head coach Gatland later criticized for using a limited game plan against the equally conservative world champions.

It wasn’t until the forced arrival of Finn Russell 10 minutes after the start of the deciding match that South Africa was put to the test and even though the deciding match was conceded 19-16, he offered a glimpse of what might have been.

Henderson, who captained Ireland in the Six Nations in the absence of Johnny Sexton, is the first member of Gatland’s tour to publicly denounce the lack of imagination that played against their provincial opponents but made the Springboks game.

“You can play South Africa‘s game plan against the Sharks or someone like that and every time you get that many points you win the 50-50, the slaps become a 50-yard try and everything. suddenly people are ‘fine, playing smooth rugby today,’ ”Henderson told BBC Sport NI’s ‘Ulster Rugby Show’.

“Before you know it you’re trying to beat South Africa at their own game. South Africa just won a World Cup by making their own game. They’re amazing at that.

“I think falling into what they’re incredibly good at is something a team probably shouldn’t be trying to face against a team like that. “

Courtney Lawes played a starring role in the tryouts against the Springboks. Photograph: Billy Stickland / Inpho

It was Henderson’s second Lions tour, but despite his towering form during the Six Nations and predictions that he would be involved in the series, he was overlooked in favor of five-a-side rival Courtney Lawes.

Lawes was exceptional, but missed three of last season’s months with a chest injury, making his comeback in the later stages of the Gallagher Premiership.

When asked if Gatland was a “guy who had his guys,” Henderson said, “I would tend to agree with that statement.

“Proof of that would be Courtney Lawes, for example. Hadn’t played much rugby, got injured early on, missed a lot of rugby, maybe comes as a surprise and begins all three tests.

“Don’t get me wrong, Courtney is a class player and he probably deserved to play, but that would lead you to believe he [Gatland] wasn’t looking into who was in good shape at this point, as Courtney had already banked her form before.

“He told me that I had trained really well, played really well and unfortunately it just didn’t work out the way I wanted it to.

“I wouldn’t be the type to harass the coaches. In my opinion, I go about my business and do what I can on the training ground.

“I kind of feel among a lot of the staff and the team, they felt the same, but at the end of the day it’s the best dog’s decision and I wasn’t there.”

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i-On-Africa LiveCast: South Africa and Kenya report https://bungeni.org/2021/09/22/i-on-africa-livecast-south-africa-and-kenya-report/ Wed, 22 Sep 2021 21:36:35 +0000 https://bungeni.org/2021/09/22/i-on-africa-livecast-south-africa-and-kenya-report/

i-On-Africa LiveCast: South Africa and Kenya report
In line
September 29, 2021 (12:30 p.m. GMT)

In this upcoming LiveCast episode, ID4Africa will present two impressive segments, the first of which will feature a one-on-one chat with acclaimed identity expert Dr Joseph Atick and Liv Nordhaug of Digital Public Goods Alliance and Norad. This segment will address the topic of digital public goods as catalysts for national digital transformations. This will be followed by another i-On-Africa segment featuring South Africa and Kenya, countries that have made significant innovations and progress. LiveCast attendees will hear first-hand updates from Mr. Tommy Makhode, DHA CEO of South Africa, followed by Mr. Reuben Kimotho of Kenya, NRB National Recording Director, and Ms. Janet Mucheru, Director of Civil Registration Services, Ministry of the Interior.

Sign up TT for the opportunity to engage freely with the host, Dr Atick, esteemed guests and other attendees via active chat, Q&A and community voices during this exceptional session of knowledge sharing!

Click here to join!

Articles topics

biometrics | digital identity | ID4Africa | identity management | Kenya | national identity card | South Africa | online seminar

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South Africa’s flagship wine fair, CapeWine, returns in 2022 https://bungeni.org/2021/09/22/south-africas-flagship-wine-fair-capewine-returns-in-2022/ Wed, 22 Sep 2021 10:16:54 +0000 https://bungeni.org/2021/09/22/south-africas-flagship-wine-fair-capewine-returns-in-2022/

Wine of South Africa has confirmed that its flagship wine fair, CapeWine, will return in 2022, bringing together the largest number of wine producers in the country to a global audience.

CapeWine will return in 2022. (image: six decades of Pinotage with Higgo Jacobs, sommelier at Large)

The fair, organized in partnership with DHL Express for the third year, will be held in Cape Town from October 5-7, 2022. Discussions and events will focus on the theme “Sustainability 360”, highlighting South Africa‘s position in as a world leader in sustainable wine production, and looking in particular at the values ​​of environmental awareness, social justice and long-term profitability for the industry.

News of the return of the show is good news for the industry after a particularly difficult year for South African wine producers.

Focusing on South Africa’s position as an exciting and vibrant wine-producing nation, visitors will have the opportunity to see the latest developments and programs in place, meet winemakers and taste the exceptional quality. local wines.

In addition to the main events, there will be daily thematic tastings and seminars, which will delve deeper into the key stories emerging in South African wines.

Siobhan Thompson, CEO of Wines of South Africa, said the team is excited to welcome the global wine trade to South Africa next year.

“The past 18 months have been an eventful time for our producers, but at the same time we have seen so much support and enthusiasm for our wines. Our guests will not only experience the astonishing quality of our wines, but also indulge in the culinary experiences, beautiful landscapes and world-class tourism that form the backdrop to our wine industry.

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Coronavirus: South Africa administers more than 16 million COVID-19 vaccines https://bungeni.org/2021/09/21/coronavirus-south-africa-administers-more-than-16-million-covid-19-vaccines/ Tue, 21 Sep 2021 17:00:13 +0000 https://bungeni.org/2021/09/21/coronavirus-south-africa-administers-more-than-16-million-covid-19-vaccines/

South Africa topped 16 million mark for total administered COVID-19 doses since the start of the country’s vaccine deployment program.

This comes after 154,199 jabs have been distributed in the last 24 hours.

According to the Department of Health, there are now 7,997,795 citizens who have been fully vaccinated, of which 76,736 people received either the single-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine or the second shot of the Pfizer vaccine on Monday.

The dashboard also shows that there are now 11,711,920 people who have been vaccinated, or 29.43% of the country’s adult population.

Meanwhile, the National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) on Monday reported 1,504 new COVID-19 cases and 42 deaths due to the disease.

This brings the latest documented total to 2,884,134 infections and 86,216 deaths.

“The current surge of COVID-19 infections seem to show signs of a sustained downward trend, ”the public health institute said, adding that the increase represents a 7% positivity rate.

According to the provincial breakdown, the majority of new cases were recorded in KwaZulu-Natal after 391 people were confirmed to have contracted the virus.

The province was followed by 338 cases in the North Cape, 217 in the Free State, 174 in the Eastern Cape, 155 in the Western Cape, 113 in Gauteng, 59 in the Northwest, 43 in Mpumalanga and 14 in the Limpopo.

Data shows that 112 patients have been admitted to hospital since the last reporting cycle, bringing the number to 8,474 people receiving treatment.

According to the World Health Organization, as of September 20, 2021, there had been 228,394,572 confirmed cases of COVID-19, including 4,690,186 deaths and 5,776,127,976 vaccine doses administered.

Distributed by APO Group on behalf of the South African government.

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South Africa’s “dangerous” land policy … https://bungeni.org/2021/09/21/south-africas-dangerous-land-policy/ Tue, 21 Sep 2021 05:07:10 +0000 https://bungeni.org/2021/09/21/south-africas-dangerous-land-policy/